QUESTION 1: why did Jesus eat with the disciples?
Luke 24:40-43 says, "When he said this, he showed them his hands and his feet. And while they will did not believe it because of joy and amazement, he asked them, "Do you have anything to eat?" They gave him a piece of broiled fish, and he took it and ate it in their presence."
Jesus shows them his body to prove that he is not a ghost:
- The resurrection body of Jesus was a literal, tangible body of flesh and bones. It was the same body which had been buried, yet it was changed in that it was no longer subject to death. With this glorified body, Jesus could enter a room when the doors were closed (John 20:19)
- He appeals to their sight - he shows them his hands and feet. Christ retained the marks in his glorified body, that they might be proofs that it was he himself; and he was willing that they should be seen.
- Zechariah 13:6, 7
- He appeals to their touch - Jesus would not let Mary Magdalene touch him (John 20:17), but he allows his disciples to... they were the ones who were to preach his resurrection, and to suffer for doing so. He made them touch him so that they would be convinced that he was not a spirit.
- He eats with them: to show that he had a real and true body (and that it was really Jesus himself), and that he was willing to converse freely and familiarly with his disciples, as one friend with another. Peter greatly stresses this in Acts 10:41 (verse included below). Could also be to stress that they will also eat and drink with him in heaven.
- Acts 10:41 – “He was not seen by all the people, but by witnesses whom God had already chosen—by us who ate and drank with him after he rose from the dead.” - As far as we know, Jesus was not seen by any unbelievers after His resurrection. But the apostles not only saw Him; they ate and drank with Him. This, of course, shows that the Savior’s resurrection body was tangible, material and physical.
- Luke 14:15 - "Blessed is the man who will eat at the feast in the
." kingdomof God
- Luke 22:15-16 – (The Last Supper) “And he said to them, "I have eagerly desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer. For I tell you, I will not eat it again until it finds fulfillment in the
." kingdomof God
- This references that Jesus would not keep the Passover meal till He returned to earth and set up His glorious kingdom. In verses 17 and 18, Jesus reminds them that He would not drink of the fruit of the vine again until His Millennial Reign.
- Rev. 19:9 – “Then the angel said to me, "Write: 'Blessed are those who are invited to the wedding supper of the Lamb!' "And he added, "These are the true words of God."
- An angel instructs John to write a benediction for all who are called to the marriage supper of the Lamb. The church is the heavenly bride; those who are invited guests are the rest of the redeemed.
- Matt. 8:11 – “I say to you that many will come from the east and the west, and will take their places at the feast with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob in the kingdom of heaven.”